The body’s endocrine system regulates metabolism, growth and development, tissue function, sexual function, reproduction, sleep, and mood. It consists of hormone producing endocrine pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal, hypothalamus, thymus, adrenal and pituitary glands, and the ovaries (in female) and testes (in male).
The Department of Endocrinology at Bhaktivedanta Hospital & Research Institute specialises in the diagnosis, treatment and management of various endocrine disorders and dysfunctions in both children and adults. The team of well-qualified, highly experienced and committed endocrinologists and endocrine surgeon is well equipped to evaluate and treat the most severe endocrine complications. In its quest to offer high-precision treatment the Department is aptly supported by state-of-the-art pathology laboratory for hormonal assays. Engaged in Clinical Research the department is actively contributing towards finding better outcomes for patient treatment and care.
A broad range of hormonal diseases management services are offered under the following focus areas:
Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas that produces the hormone insulin. It results in high blood sugar levels, a myriad of complications and affects all organs including eyes, heart, kidneys, nerves and foot. The Diabetes spectrum includes Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 or Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Syndromal and Secondary Diabetes. Endocrine Specialists along with specialists from various other disciplines offer integrated care for screening, management and prevention of Diabetes and the complications arising out of it. The Diabetic Clinic offers services like Diabetes & Obesity Health Check-up, Diabetic Diet & Nutrition Counselling and Diabetic Foot Care with Podiatric Consultancy.
Thyroid hormones regulate the metabolic rate, energy level and temperature of the body. They are also responsible for the use of other hormones and vitamins by the body, and the growth and maturation of its tissues. An ill-functioning thyroid gland leads to thyroid disorders such as Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Goiter and Iodine Deficiency Disorders, Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and Thyroid Cancer among others. Thyroid related investigations – Thyroid Function Tests (T3, T4 and TSH) to measure the blood level of thyroid hormones, Thyroid Ultrasonography, Thyroid related Antibodies and Cytology of Thyroid are conducted at the Hospital to help endocrinologists reach an accurate diagnoses and offer evidence based treatment and surgical care for thyroid dysfunction and disorders.
Obesity, an abnormal accumulation of body fat, is a complex endocrine disorder increasingly prevalent in children and adults. Being obese increases the risk of developing medical conditions like Arthritis, Breathing Problems, Diabetes, Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, Gallstones, Liver Disease, Paralysis, Reproductive Problems (in women) among many others. The Weight Loss Clinic offers services like hormonal investigations for ruling out pathological obesity, dietary management, exercise regime, lifestyle counselling, and Bariatric Surgery in complicated cases.
Menstrual disturbances may be a reflection of many endocrine disorders like thyroid disorders, Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD, pituitary disorders, adrenal and ovarian disorders. The management requires special investigations and medications.
Decreased fertility can be due to multiple endocrine disorders which are one of the easily correctable causes of infertility if managed correctly. Management requires specialized hormone assay laboratory support and timely medications.
OSTEOPOROSIS AND METABOLIC BONE DISEASE
Prevention is better than cure and prevention of fracture is the cornerstone in the management of Osteoporosis which means reduced bone mineral density. Metabolic bone disorders include Osteoporosis, the very common Vitamin ‘D’ Deficiency, Hyperparathyroidism, Hypoparathyroidism, Hypophosphataemia, Renal Osteodystrophy as well as paediatric disorders like Rickets.
PITUTARY DISORDERS AND SHORT STATURE
Short Stature is a social stigma and its neglect can be traumatizing all through life. Post assessment of causes of Short Stature, Growth Hormone Replacement Therapy if given properly can be a boon. Endocrinology also deals with other pituitary and neuroendocrine disorders like Acromegaly, Gigantism, Cushing’s Disease, etc.
Adrenal glands produce hormones important for maintaining blood pressure and fighting stress. Common adrenal disorders include Adrenal Insufficiency, Endocrine Hypertension, Pheochromocytoma and Adrenal Neoplasms.